What you need to know before you catch your first fish

Fish and fisheries are a fundamental component of the majority of societies. They contribute significantly to the health of society and economics and well-being across many regions and countries. It is estimated that around 12.5 million individuals are employed in related activities. In recent times, the global production of capture fisheries has been seen to range between 85 to 90 million tons. The products of these fisheries can be used in a range of ways, ranging from subsistence up to trade in international markets as highly desired, highly valued products. Fish’s value that is traded internationally is around US$40 billion annually.

Despite this immense significance and value and value, or, more accurately, due to these characteristics many of the world’s fish resources suffer the impacts of heavy exploitation and sometimes environmental degradation. It is estimated by the FAO (2000) reported that in 1999, 47 percent of the 441 fish stocks for which information about their status was available had been fully exploited. with 18% being overexploited, 9 percent depleted, and one percent recovering. This is in line with similar data found in other regions chris hsu hong kong

For instance it was the National Marine Fisheries Service of the United States of America estimated in 1998 that 30% of the fish stocks within the water of this country, for which data was available were under-fished. Within the waters belonging to the European Community, it was estimated that in the year 1990, five-seven percent of fish stocks were being ‘heavily exploited’. Fish stocks across the the globe will likely be in similar state to those found in these regions.

There are a myriad of reasons to explain this shambles situation and the most important reason is an ineffective fisheries governance in a majority of countries. The burden of declining stocks and declining economic returns as well as job opportunities in fishing should be shared between the fishers, the managers of fisheries, researchers and other stakeholders in the process of environmental degradation. Many of the root issues are within the realm of fisheries management.

However, managers of the fishing industry are the one who is usually in a position to monitor and document what’s happening within the fisheries that fall under their jurisdiction and to determine the root reason or the root of any issues, to correct the ones that fall within their control and bring other issues into the view of those who are interested in the fisheries and those who are responsible for taking care of external factors. Yet, most of the time, the manager of fisheries is either in ignorance of the situation of the resources or is unable to take action when the fisheries slide deeper and further into decay and crisis or either. This is seldom an ever conscious decision and usually results from the lack of information available or a lack of understanding of the nature of management of fisheries, as well as insufficient resources, structures, and resources to deal with the problems and use these resources in a well-planned and efficient way.

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